UPDATE: It was probably a son named Henry.
I’m writing this mostly to make sense of it, sorry if it jumps around a lot. I met with a genealogist recently at my local Family History Library and she gave me some really good suggestions about researching Henry Evans.
As you already know, I found him on the 1810 census in Northampton County, NC.
On this record, he was between the ages of 26 and 44, which would mean he was probably born between the years 1766 and 1784. He had a wife, 2 boys, and 3 girls at the time. If this is the right Henry, Nancy was probably the girl between 10-15 years old which would make sense if she married Elijah Gumbs Boon in 1815. My Sarah may have been one of the girls under 10 as we think she was born around 1809.
Anyway, based on the timeframe, the genealogist mentioned I should check the records for the War of 1812. I found a pay voucher for Henry Evans of the Northampton Militia at digital.ncdcr.gov/cdm/ref/collection/p16062coll7/id/3863 and also mention of him in the muster rolls from the book Muster Rolls of the Soldiers of the War of 1812: detached from the militia of North Carolina, in 1812 and 1814 Henry Evans page 20 #79 https://archive.org/details/musterrollsofsol00nort . I did not find a pension record for him.
I searched Ancestry with this new information and saw a Henry Evans in the Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935. Of course, I got way too excited for someone who knows better. Would a Quaker have participated in the War of 1812? I didn’t think so. So I was surprised when I Googled “Henry Evans Northampton County NC Quakers” and the first document to come up included the line,
“In First Month, 1886, there is a recorded minute to the effect that William Copeland, Thomas B. Elliott, and Henry Evans were not disowned for volunteering their services in the army.”
Wow! A couple of prior paragraphs talk about the War of 1812 so I felt like the genealogy angels were my tech support at the moment. Though, when I read the year 1886 I was a little bummed because if he was born even at the latter end of the 1766-1784 spectrum he would have been 102 years old, and therefore, probably not the guy I was looking for. I checked the Ancestry records and found the record mentioned in the pdf for the year 1866, not 1886. If he were born at the latter end of the 1766-1784 spectrum he’d be about 82 which is more probable than 102.
One of the Quaker Meeting Notes from 1843 lists his wife as Mary, and “six of their children, namely James, Sarah J[?], Martha A, Celia E, Christian, and Henry”. I might be reading too much into “six of their children” but at this time Sarah and Nancy would have been in Missouri. If he were born in the latter end of the 1766-1784 spectrum he’d have been about 59 years old. He can be 59 and still have 6 kids, right? Especially if he remarried?
Henry Evans with his wife Mary and 3 of his children: James, 21 (born about 1829), Martha, 16 (born about 1834), and Celia, 14 (born about 1836) are on the 1850 census in Northampton County, NC. These children were born well after the Henry Evans family on the 1810 census. Still, it is possible that this could be the same Henry but with a different wife. I assume a different wife because she was between ages 26-44 years old on the 1810 census, so if she was the youngest possible, 26, she would have been born around 1784 making her about 52 when the youngest child, Celia, was born in 1836. Celia would have been born about 9 years after my Sarah Evans married William Brummet.
According to the 1850 census, he was about 62 years old, born in 1788. That would have made him 22 on the 1810 census, where he is clearly marked as being between the ages of 26-44 years old. The general rule is to stick with the information from the earliest census, so it is possible he was the youngest age available, 26, at the time making the age given in the 1850 census younger by 4 years. Not impossible. Also, we have Nancy Evans born around 1796. If we add back the 4 years taken from the 1850 census, Henry Evans would have been born around 1784, making him 29 during his service in the War of 1812, 12 years old when Nancy was born (Although I find this date suspicious because her husband Elijah was born 12 Dec 1796 and Nancy is said to have been born 12 Oct 1796, what are the chances they were both born on the 12th day of the month, same year?), and 26 on the 1810 census. There was a female 10-15 years of age on the 1810 census, if it were Nancy she would have been born 1795-1800, so I guess year-wise that is close to what we know about her. The 1810 census pretty much says if Henry Evans had a child born around 1800, he could have been anywhere between 16 to 34 years of age (He could have been born 1766-1784 according to his age bracket).
So how can I tell if the 1810 Census Henry Evans is also the 1850 census Henry Evans? I went back to the 1866 record of the three men who were allowed to retain their Friends (Quaker) membership despite their participation in the War of 1812. The three men named were William Copeland, Thomas B. Elliot, and Henry Evans. Were they in the census for Northampton County back in 1810? That would make it more likely that they were friends in addition to being Friends (punny!). I found William Copeland on page 7 of 44, but no Thomas. There was an Elliot household, though, run by Sarah Elliot.
Another name from the first Quaker record in which I found Henry Evans, in 1843, mentions a Josiah Outland. Truthfully, the name Outland stood out to me because of the Outlander book series. And Josiah isn’t a common name anymore so I went to see if I could find him on the 1810 census, he was there he is on page 29 of the Northampton census.
So, what do you think? Is this the same Henry Evans?