Genealogy, Immigration

Benito Juarez

Benito Juarez was my paternal grandmother Amelia Juarez Rangel’s father.  I’ve previously found him on the 1940 census in the household of his parents, Miguel Juarez and Juana Conde.

It appears Miguel Juarez and Juana Conde had six children:

Pedro Juarez 1910-1935 married Micaela Yzaguirre

Teresa Juarez 1911-1927

Benito Juarez born about 1918, married Maria Rangel

Anna Juarez born 1920-1960 married Chavo Rosendez

Gertrudes Juarez 1924-1960 married Yzaguirre

Luz Juarez born about 1928

 

Teresa Juarez death certificate
Teresa Juarez’ 1927 death certificate shows she was born in Monterrey, Mexico. Her parents were Miguel Juarez and Juana Conde. The informant was Antonio Juarez.

 

Pedro Juarez death certificate
Pedro Juarez died of tuberculosis in a sanatorium in 1935. He was also born in Monterrey, Mexico according to his death certificate.

 

Anna and Gertrudes both passed away in 1960 and both of their death certificates state they were born in Texas.

 

Juana Conde death certificate
It appears Miguel Juarez was the informant on his wife Juana Conde’s 1947 death certificate. Which state in Mexico she was from is not listed. Her parents are named as Carmen Conde and Paula Romero.

 

There is a death certificate for a Miguel Juarez in San Benito, Cameron, Texas in 1963, but he is estimated to be about 88 years old at the time of his death.  If he were born around 1892 as it says on the 1940 census, he’d have been about 71 years old if he died in 1963.  The thing that makes me think it might be him is that the informant is Luz Juarez and that he is widowed.

Miguel Juarez death certificate

 

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Genealogy

Uncle C. Sauceda’s Genetic Communities

My uncle appears as a closer match to cousins from the Sauceda and Garza side of the family than my mother does, so I decided to focus on his genetic communities instead of hers.  I think Ancestry did very well with this feature.

C Sauceda Settlers of Central and South New Mexico
“Since the 1700s, New Mexico has been shaped by the clash and co-mingling of people and cultures. Native Pueblo peoples and Spanish settlers shared similar farming techniques and joined in defense against raiding Apache and Comanche bands—with whom they also traded. War, railroads, and homesteading brought Anglo settlers, who sometimes married into Hispanic families and sometimes encroached on traditional lands. Together they faced the changes drought, boom and bust, and war brought to a harsh and beautiful land.”

 

C Sauceda Mexicans in Nuevo Leon Tamaulipas and South Texas
“Those who answered Spain’s call to settle the Texas frontier were brave, determined, and incredibly resilient. For more than 100 years, they fended for themselves taming wild horses, raising livestock, and defending themselves against raiders, unpredictable weather, and the indifference of their government. When Texas joined the United States, Mexican and Anglo American settlers came together, creating the vibrant, rich culture that still distinguishes the area today.”

 

C Sauceda Mexicans in Tamaulipas Nuevo Leon and South TX
“Fiercely independent, for generations the people of the Rio Grande Valley demonstrated a determination to not only survive a brutal and unforgiving land, but thrive in danger, instability, and war. Decades of conflict created a legacy of strength in the face of opposition and dedication to their land, families, and heritage. Their descendants carried this legacy with them as they migrated north throughout the 20th century, adding it to the rich fusion of Tejano culture that still distinguishes the borderlands today.”

 

C Sauceda Mexicans in Nuevo Leon North Tamaulipas and South Texas
“Mexicans in Nuevo Leon, Northern Tamaulipas and South Texas were known for their fierce independence, persistence, and courage. They were instrumental in winning independence from Spain. And as history transformed their home from the Spanish frontier to the Mexican border (and even the United States), they came to embody the merging and clashing of Anglo and Mexican lifestyles on the border and in Texas Tejano culture.”
Genealogy

Mitochondrial Haplogroup C Native American

My paternal grandfather’s Full Mitochondrial Sequence results came in yesterday, his haplogroup is C1c5, which Roberta Estes included in her list of provisional Native American haplogroups Extrapolated from Anzick match results.  I have previously written about my paternal grandfather’s high amount of Native American DNA.

1-paternal-grandpa-mtdna-results
Paternal grandfather’s full mitochondrial sequence results are haplogroup C1c5 Native American

2-paternal-grandpa-mtdna-ancestral-originsHe has 2 perfect, distance 0 mtDNA matches among 14, one is Mr. Raymundo Linares. I wouldn’t usually share a match’s name, but in this case, he already has a deep mitochondrial genealogy out there published by Crispin Rendon. Mr. Linares’ furthest maternal ancestor was a woman named Josefa Gonzalez born about 1620 in Huichapan, Hidalgo, Mexico. My grandfather is likely not a descendant of Josefa herself because her children were born in Nuevo Leon, but Hidalgo borders Tlaxcala and that might is a clue to focus on the Hidalgo/Tlaxcala area outside of Mexico City.  A huge THANK YOU! to all those who do this very neglected DNA test, especially for full sequence results.

3-raymundo-arturo-linares
One of 2 of his distance 0 matches, the furthest known ancestor is from Hidalgo, Mexico which borders Tlaxcala.
Genealogy

Native American DNA

I’ve mentioned my paternal grandparents on this blog before.  My grandmother on that side passed away a while back and I regret not asking her more about her life while she was alive although there was a good chance she might not have told me anything.  My grandfather is still alive and doing relatively well, so I decided to ask him if I could get a DNA sample to send to Family Tree DNA.  He agreed, but it was totally one of those “this is your only chance he won’t say yes again” kind of things.

His results came back early and revealed that he is Native American.  Pretty much just Native American.  I’m not sure if this is what he and my grandmother were hiding, but he hinted that he didn’t want to discuss the results.  I was pretty lucky to have obtained the sample.  All he’ll tell me is that he was born in Tlaxcala, Mexico.  I figured out on my own that he is using a fake name.  He confirmed this and said he dropped his Native American name a long time ago.

grandpa-my-origins
Native American My Origins results – Family Tree DNA
clovis-anzick
Clovis Anzick-1 came up as a cousin match for him, not sure what to think about the data set being included at FTDNA.

 

mdlp-gpa-j
MDLP World-22 Native American results at GEDmatch

Paternal grandfather’s DNA analysis using MDLP World-22 at GEDmatch. He is overwhelmingly Native American. Largest percentages:

Mesoamerican 46.03%
North Amerind 31.05%
South American Amerind 12.26%

mdlp-gpa-j-pops
Native American mixed mode population sharing results MDLP World-22 at GEDmatch

 

His mixed-mode population sharing results stood out to me because his best fit populations are a mix of North and Central/South American.  He has 162 Family Finder matches and I noticed 5 matches with what appears to be exclusively Ecuadorian ancestry and 4 with Guatemalan ancestry.  Two of the Guatemalan matches were adoptees, one was somewhere between a 2nd and 3rd cousin match.

And while I have your attention…  Click here

 

Genealogy

Our DNA Match to the Anzick Baby

Source: Montana Office of Public Instruction
Source: Montana Office of Public Instruction

Last Tuesday I received an interesting email from Felix Chandrakumar:

This is regarding your DNA having a genetic match with an ancient Amerindian DNA …

I had emailed the authors of the scientific paper regarding an ancient DNA matching living people. I had also included the top 100 emails in the list in bcc who have significant DNA matching the ancient DNA, in hope of getting some help/answers in solving this interesting mystery.
Is there anyone receiving this email have their kit phased? If so, please let me know. This greatly helps to confirm IBD segments in the matches. If you are not sure about phasing, please let me know if there are any kits with (any parent) and child  tested for DNA and I can guide you how to do phasing in GEDMatch. Phasing helps to decide which segment comes from which parents and provides the ability to confirm the segment matches with the ancient DNA. You can know more about phasing from ISOGG wiki.”
So I sent him my phased file (with my dad) and his results are posted here: http://www.fc.id.au/2014/09/ancient-amerindian-dna-how-valid-are.html .
He has since replaced the Anzick-1 kit, now F999913, at GEDMatch that has more SNPs so I reran my phased kit and the results were consistent with Felix’s.
PhasedAnzickMatchWhat does this all mean?  I don’t know.  I was curious what would happen if I ran my dad’s kit alone compared to Anzick-1 and this is what I saw.
DADandAnzick  He has matching segments at chromosomes 1,4,6, and 8 which is awesome but then where did our phased matches on chromosomes 3 and 20 come from?  Does it discount the validity of our matches?  (Oh my goodness, haha duh! I just remembered to get a match with my phased kit I had to drop the threshold to 500/5 so that’s how chromosomes 3 and 20 come up. My dad’s kit matches with the standard 700/7 threshold. I re-ran his data again with 500/5 and sure enough there are chromosomes 3 & 20). I am far from an expert, but the comparison of our matches raise some red flags for me.  Also note the time to MRCA, 4.4 generations?  That’s crazy.
I very much want to believe we have shared ancestry and in a way I do, but I’m not sure what to make of the data.
Thanks to Armando for chatting with me about this subject.
Drama, Genealogy, Immigration, Rant

My life was a lie.

Just kidding, it wasn’t that dramatic.  My dad’s parents are Joe Conde and Amelia Juarez Rangel, although I didn’t really think about that until recently.  I wasn’t very close to these grandparents because, when I was born to teenage parents who did the best they could (a damn good job if you ask me), these grandparents didn’t feel old enough to be grandma and grandpa.  Amelia also tried to convince my dad I wasn’t his daughter.  I thought of her when my dad’s DNA results came in and did a little jig, even though we never doubted I am my father’s daughter.

My last name was Rangel, as was my dad’s, so I always assumed that was my grandfather’s last name.  Later I noticed some of my aunts and uncles were Conde.  As I got into genealogy I neglected my dad’s side because I feel very distant from them.  As time went on, I questioned my dad’s (and his dad’s) last name.  First off, it’s weird that my father has his mom’s maiden name but I had him join the Rangel Project at Family Tree DNA just in case.  I couldn’t find a Conde project.  In any case my father’s Y-DNA at 12 markers has no matches.  None!

My dad asked an older brother about all of this, and my uncle admitted to having asked my grandfather because he also had his suspicions.  My uncle said that my grandfather admitted his last name was false and told him his real last name which my uncle did not remember although he said “it sounded very indigenous.”

My paternal grandparents, Joe Conde and Amelia Juarez Rangel.  Some of their children were named Rangel, like my dad, and others Conde.
My paternal grandparents, Joe Conde and Amelia Juarez Rangel. Some of their children were named Rangel, like my dad, and others Conde.
Dad's mom, 5th down. Here is a record of Amelia Juarez Rangel's birth on October 17, 1941 to Maria Rangel and Benito Juarez.
Dad’s mom, 5th down. Here is a record of Amelia Juarez Rangel’s birth on October 17, 1941 to Maria Rangel and Benito Juarez.
1940 census
In 1940 we see Amelia Juarez Rangel’s parents, Maria Rangel and Benito Juarez living with Benito’s family. Benito’s father Miguel is the farmer and his sons are farm laborers, suggesting that Miguel Juarez owned the land. Interestingly, living with them are some Conde relatives. I think this is how my grandfather Joe Conde took his last name.
1930 census
In 1930 we see a very young Maria Rangel living with her family. This seeks to explain the different last names used by my father’s family: Conde, Juarez, and Rangel

AJR tombstone

Genealogy

Expanded MyOrigins Results

For everyone who has them!

Mom's My Origins added January 16, 2015
Mom’s My Origins added January 16, 2015
My dad's MyOrigns
My dad’s MyOrigns
Maternal Grandma's MyOrigins
Maternal Grandma’s MyOrigins
MyOrigins
MyOrigins
My husband's MyOrigins
My husband’s MyOrigins