Genealogy

Uncle C. Sauceda’s Genetic Communities

My uncle appears as a closer match to cousins from the Sauceda and Garza side of the family than my mother does, so I decided to focus on his genetic communities instead of hers.  I think Ancestry did very well with this feature.

C Sauceda Settlers of Central and South New Mexico
“Since the 1700s, New Mexico has been shaped by the clash and co-mingling of people and cultures. Native Pueblo peoples and Spanish settlers shared similar farming techniques and joined in defense against raiding Apache and Comanche bands—with whom they also traded. War, railroads, and homesteading brought Anglo settlers, who sometimes married into Hispanic families and sometimes encroached on traditional lands. Together they faced the changes drought, boom and bust, and war brought to a harsh and beautiful land.”

 

C Sauceda Mexicans in Nuevo Leon Tamaulipas and South Texas
“Those who answered Spain’s call to settle the Texas frontier were brave, determined, and incredibly resilient. For more than 100 years, they fended for themselves taming wild horses, raising livestock, and defending themselves against raiders, unpredictable weather, and the indifference of their government. When Texas joined the United States, Mexican and Anglo American settlers came together, creating the vibrant, rich culture that still distinguishes the area today.”

 

C Sauceda Mexicans in Tamaulipas Nuevo Leon and South TX
“Fiercely independent, for generations the people of the Rio Grande Valley demonstrated a determination to not only survive a brutal and unforgiving land, but thrive in danger, instability, and war. Decades of conflict created a legacy of strength in the face of opposition and dedication to their land, families, and heritage. Their descendants carried this legacy with them as they migrated north throughout the 20th century, adding it to the rich fusion of Tejano culture that still distinguishes the borderlands today.”

 

C Sauceda Mexicans in Nuevo Leon North Tamaulipas and South Texas
“Mexicans in Nuevo Leon, Northern Tamaulipas and South Texas were known for their fierce independence, persistence, and courage. They were instrumental in winning independence from Spain. And as history transformed their home from the Spanish frontier to the Mexican border (and even the United States), they came to embody the merging and clashing of Anglo and Mexican lifestyles on the border and in Texas Tejano culture.”
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Genealogy, Immigration

Maria Rangel Juarez Partida

Maria Rangel, my father’s maternal grandmother, was born in Texas in 1924.  At some point, she married and had a family with Benito Juarez, then moved to Arizona between 1954-1956.  Maria Rangel divorced Benito Juarez in 1964 and married Federico Partida.  She died in Phoenix in 1982 but was living in Coolidge, Arizona at the time.

maria-rangel-juarez-divorce-oct1964
Maria Rangel divorces Benito Juarez in October 1964, Pinal County, Arizona.

I was able to order her death certificate and am so glad I did because ith showed her parents were Hipolito Rangel and Estefana de la Cruz.  I was also able to find a record of their entry into the United States in 1910.  The manifest lists just about all of the people entering as living in Monterrey, but (#20) Hipolito and (#21) Estefana listed their closest relative as being Hipolito’s sister Santos Rangel as living in Matehuala, San Luis Potosí, Mexico.

maria-rangel-death-certificate
Maria Rangel’s death certificate showing her parents, Hipolito Rangel and Estefana de la Cruz, 1982.
hipolito-rangel-estefana-de-la-cruz-border-crossing-1910
Maria Rangel’s parents, Hipolito Rangel (#20) and Estefana de la Cruz (#21) entering Hildalgo, Texas from Mexico in 1910. Santos Rangel is listed as Hipolito’s sister living in Matehuala, San Luis Potosí, Mexico.
Genealogy

Who was Federico Partida? Another Marriage Mystery, San Benito, Texas

Ancestry now has a record of my paternal grandparents’ marriage in Yuma, Pinal County, 1958.  I was surprised by this because I always assumed they met and married in Texas and because my grandmother was 16 years old (!) when she married my mysterious grandfather.  Remember, he shed his name when he came to the United States and Amelia lent him a name from her family tree.  I wonder why they went all the way to Yuma to get married?  They lived in Mesa at the time.

az-yuma-marriage-record-amelia-juarez
My paternal grandparents’ marriage certificate from 1958, Yuma, Pinal County, Arizona. Amelia Juarez Rangel was born in San Benito, Cameron County, Texas in 1941 to Maria Teresa Rangel and Benito Juarez.

One of the witnesses was Maria Rangel, I think that was her mother who appears on the 1940 census in Cameron County, Texas, right outside of San Benito.  The other witness was someone named Federico Partida who I was able to find on the same 1940 census of Cameron County, Texas, right outside of San Benito.  Interesting.

miguel-juarez-household
Miguel Juarez with wife Juana Conde and children Gertrudes, Luz, Benito, Maria (Rangel, daughter in law), Anna, Chavo Rozendez (son in law), grandsons Eduardo and Narcisso, Juan Conde (nephew) and Irma Conde (niece). 1940 Census of Cameron County, Texas right outside of San Benito.
mauricia-partida-household-1940-cam-co-tx
Federico Partida in the household of Mauricia Partida with Nasario, Pablo, and Tomas Partida. 1940 Census of Cameron County, Texas, right outside of San Benito.
Genealogy

Mitochondrial Haplogroup C Native American

My paternal grandfather’s Full Mitochondrial Sequence results came in yesterday, his haplogroup is C1c5, which Roberta Estes included in her list of provisional Native American haplogroups Extrapolated from Anzick match results.  I have previously written about my paternal grandfather’s high amount of Native American DNA.

1-paternal-grandpa-mtdna-results
Paternal grandfather’s full mitochondrial sequence results are haplogroup C1c5 Native American

2-paternal-grandpa-mtdna-ancestral-originsHe has 2 perfect, distance 0 mtDNA matches among 14, one is Mr. Raymundo Linares. I wouldn’t usually share a match’s name, but in this case, he already has a deep mitochondrial genealogy out there published by Crispin Rendon. Mr. Linares’ furthest maternal ancestor was a woman named Josefa Gonzalez born about 1620 in Huichapan, Hidalgo, Mexico. My grandfather is likely not a descendant of Josefa herself because her children were born in Nuevo Leon, but Hidalgo borders Tlaxcala and that might is a clue to focus on the Hidalgo/Tlaxcala area outside of Mexico City.  A huge THANK YOU! to all those who do this very neglected DNA test, especially for full sequence results.

3-raymundo-arturo-linares
One of 2 of his distance 0 matches, the furthest known ancestor is from Hidalgo, Mexico which borders Tlaxcala.
Genealogy

Native American DNA

I’ve mentioned my paternal grandparents on this blog before.  My grandmother on that side passed away a while back and I regret not asking her more about her life while she was alive although there was a good chance she might not have told me anything.  My grandfather is still alive and doing relatively well, so I decided to ask him if I could get a DNA sample to send to Family Tree DNA.  He agreed, but it was totally one of those “this is your only chance he won’t say yes again” kind of things.

His results came back early and revealed that he is Native American.  Pretty much just Native American.  I’m not sure if this is what he and my grandmother were hiding, but he hinted that he didn’t want to discuss the results.  I was pretty lucky to have obtained the sample.  All he’ll tell me is that he was born in Tlaxcala, Mexico.  I figured out on my own that he is using a fake name.  He confirmed this and said he dropped his Native American name a long time ago.

grandpa-my-origins
Native American My Origins results – Family Tree DNA
clovis-anzick
Clovis Anzick-1 came up as a cousin match for him, not sure what to think about the data set being included at FTDNA.

 

mdlp-gpa-j
MDLP World-22 Native American results at GEDmatch

Paternal grandfather’s DNA analysis using MDLP World-22 at GEDmatch. He is overwhelmingly Native American. Largest percentages:

Mesoamerican 46.03%
North Amerind 31.05%
South American Amerind 12.26%

mdlp-gpa-j-pops
Native American mixed mode population sharing results MDLP World-22 at GEDmatch

 

His mixed-mode population sharing results stood out to me because his best fit populations are a mix of North and Central/South American.  He has 162 Family Finder matches and I noticed 5 matches with what appears to be exclusively Ecuadorian ancestry and 4 with Guatemalan ancestry.  Two of the Guatemalan matches were adoptees, one was somewhere between a 2nd and 3rd cousin match.

And while I have your attention…  Click here

 

Genealogy, Immigration

Bernardo Sauceda and Francisca Garza

Francisca Garza’s obituary from 1955 mentions her living children:

  •  Jose Garza Sauceda, Phoenix
  • Cruz Garza Sauceda, Phoenix
  • Benny Garza Sauceda, Phoenix (my maternal grandfather)
  • Paul Garza Sauceda, Phoenix
  • Felipe Garza Sauceda, Bryan, Brazos County, Texas
  • Segro? [I think this is supposed to be Ysidro Garza Sauceda], Houston, Texas
  • Manuela Bernal [née Manuela Garza Sauceda], Bryan, Brazos County, Texas

We know that Francisca was born in Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas, Mexico and eventually ended up in Texas, we’re just not sure when.  Tracing her children I was able to see the different places she lived in Texas.  Her son Felipe was born in San Ysidro, Zapata County, Mexico, Cruz Garza Sauceda was born in Paige, Bastrop County, Texas, and others including grandpa Benny were born in Tyler, Smith County, Texas.

 

Francisca Garza MX to TX map
Francisca Garza Sauceda’s trek from her birthplace in Tamaulipas, Mexico to Tyler, Texas.  She died in Phoenix, Arizona October 29, 1955.

 

Using the children’s birth years and locations I was able to find Bernardo Sauceda and Francisca Garza’s record of marriage in 1900 in Zapata County, Texas.

 

DSC01879
Bernardo Sauceda and Francisca Garza were married February 2, 1900 in Zapata County, Texas [microfilm, FamilySearch]

 

 

Genealogy

Our DNA Match to the Anzick Baby

Source: Montana Office of Public Instruction
Source: Montana Office of Public Instruction

Last Tuesday I received an interesting email from Felix Chandrakumar:

This is regarding your DNA having a genetic match with an ancient Amerindian DNA …

I had emailed the authors of the scientific paper regarding an ancient DNA matching living people. I had also included the top 100 emails in the list in bcc who have significant DNA matching the ancient DNA, in hope of getting some help/answers in solving this interesting mystery.
Is there anyone receiving this email have their kit phased? If so, please let me know. This greatly helps to confirm IBD segments in the matches. If you are not sure about phasing, please let me know if there are any kits with (any parent) and child  tested for DNA and I can guide you how to do phasing in GEDMatch. Phasing helps to decide which segment comes from which parents and provides the ability to confirm the segment matches with the ancient DNA. You can know more about phasing from ISOGG wiki.”
So I sent him my phased file (with my dad) and his results are posted here: http://www.fc.id.au/2014/09/ancient-amerindian-dna-how-valid-are.html .
He has since replaced the Anzick-1 kit, now F999913, at GEDMatch that has more SNPs so I reran my phased kit and the results were consistent with Felix’s.
PhasedAnzickMatchWhat does this all mean?  I don’t know.  I was curious what would happen if I ran my dad’s kit alone compared to Anzick-1 and this is what I saw.
DADandAnzick  He has matching segments at chromosomes 1,4,6, and 8 which is awesome but then where did our phased matches on chromosomes 3 and 20 come from?  Does it discount the validity of our matches?  (Oh my goodness, haha duh! I just remembered to get a match with my phased kit I had to drop the threshold to 500/5 so that’s how chromosomes 3 and 20 come up. My dad’s kit matches with the standard 700/7 threshold. I re-ran his data again with 500/5 and sure enough there are chromosomes 3 & 20). I am far from an expert, but the comparison of our matches raise some red flags for me.  Also note the time to MRCA, 4.4 generations?  That’s crazy.
I very much want to believe we have shared ancestry and in a way I do, but I’m not sure what to make of the data.
Thanks to Armando for chatting with me about this subject.