Genealogy, Immigration

Benito Juarez

Benito Juarez was my paternal grandmother Amelia Juarez Rangel’s father.  I’ve previously found him on the 1940 census in the household of his parents, Miguel Juarez and Juana Conde.

It appears Miguel Juarez and Juana Conde had six children:

Pedro Juarez 1910-1935 married Micaela Yzaguirre

Teresa Juarez 1911-1927

Benito Juarez born about 1918, married Maria Rangel

Anna Juarez born 1920-1960 married Chavo Rosendez

Gertrudes Juarez 1924-1960 married Yzaguirre

Luz Juarez born about 1928


Teresa Juarez death certificate
Teresa Juarez’ 1927 death certificate shows she was born in Monterrey, Mexico. Her parents were Miguel Juarez and Juana Conde. The informant was Antonio Juarez.


Pedro Juarez death certificate
Pedro Juarez died of tuberculosis in a sanatorium in 1935. He was also born in Monterrey, Mexico according to his death certificate.


Anna and Gertrudes both passed away in 1960 and both of their death certificates state they were born in Texas.


Juana Conde death certificate
It appears Miguel Juarez was the informant on his wife Juana Conde’s 1947 death certificate. Which state in Mexico she was from is not listed. Her parents are named as Carmen Conde and Paula Romero.


There is a death certificate for a Miguel Juarez in San Benito, Cameron, Texas in 1963, but he is estimated to be about 88 years old at the time of his death.  If he were born around 1892 as it says on the 1940 census, he’d have been about 71 years old if he died in 1963.  The thing that makes me think it might be him is that the informant is Luz Juarez and that he is widowed.

Miguel Juarez death certificate


Genealogy, Immigration

Maria Rangel Juarez Partida

Maria Rangel, my father’s maternal grandmother, was born in Texas in 1924.  At some point, she married and had a family with Benito Juarez, then moved to Arizona between 1954-1956.  Maria Rangel divorced Benito Juarez in 1964 and married Federico Partida.  She died in Phoenix in 1982 but was living in Coolidge, Arizona at the time.

Maria Rangel divorces Benito Juarez in October 1964, Pinal County, Arizona.

I was able to order her death certificate and am so glad I did because ith showed her parents were Hipolito Rangel and Estefana de la Cruz.  I was also able to find a record of their entry into the United States in 1910.  The manifest lists just about all of the people entering as living in Monterrey, but (#20) Hipolito and (#21) Estefana listed their closest relative as being Hipolito’s sister Santos Rangel as living in Matehuala, San Luis Potosí, Mexico.

Maria Rangel’s death certificate showing her parents, Hipolito Rangel and Estefana de la Cruz, 1982.
Maria Rangel’s parents, Hipolito Rangel (#20) and Estefana de la Cruz (#21) entering Hildalgo, Texas from Mexico in 1910. Santos Rangel is listed as Hipolito’s sister living in Matehuala, San Luis Potosí, Mexico.

Who was Federico Partida? Another Marriage Mystery, San Benito, Texas

Ancestry now has a record of my paternal grandparents’ marriage in Yuma, Pinal County, 1958.  I was surprised by this because I always assumed they met and married in Texas and because my grandmother was 16 years old (!) when she married my mysterious grandfather.  Remember, he shed his name when he came to the United States and Amelia lent him a name from her family tree.  I wonder why they went all the way to Yuma to get married?  They lived in Mesa at the time.

My paternal grandparents’ marriage certificate from 1958, Yuma, Pinal County, Arizona. Amelia Juarez Rangel was born in San Benito, Cameron County, Texas in 1941 to Maria Teresa Rangel and Benito Juarez.

One of the witnesses was Maria Rangel, I think that was her mother who appears on the 1940 census in Cameron County, Texas, right outside of San Benito.  The other witness was someone named Federico Partida who I was able to find on the same 1940 census of Cameron County, Texas, right outside of San Benito.  Interesting.

Miguel Juarez with wife Juana Conde and children Gertrudes, Luz, Benito, Maria (Rangel, daughter in law), Anna, Chavo Rozendez (son in law), grandsons Eduardo and Narcisso, Juan Conde (nephew) and Irma Conde (niece). 1940 Census of Cameron County, Texas right outside of San Benito.
Federico Partida in the household of Mauricia Partida with Nasario, Pablo, and Tomas Partida. 1940 Census of Cameron County, Texas, right outside of San Benito.

Our DNA Match to the Anzick Baby

Source: Montana Office of Public Instruction
Source: Montana Office of Public Instruction

Last Tuesday I received an interesting email from Felix Chandrakumar:

This is regarding your DNA having a genetic match with an ancient Amerindian DNA …

I had emailed the authors of the scientific paper regarding an ancient DNA matching living people. I had also included the top 100 emails in the list in bcc who have significant DNA matching the ancient DNA, in hope of getting some help/answers in solving this interesting mystery.
Is there anyone receiving this email have their kit phased? If so, please let me know. This greatly helps to confirm IBD segments in the matches. If you are not sure about phasing, please let me know if there are any kits with (any parent) and child  tested for DNA and I can guide you how to do phasing in GEDMatch. Phasing helps to decide which segment comes from which parents and provides the ability to confirm the segment matches with the ancient DNA. You can know more about phasing from ISOGG wiki.”
So I sent him my phased file (with my dad) and his results are posted here: .
He has since replaced the Anzick-1 kit, now F999913, at GEDMatch that has more SNPs so I reran my phased kit and the results were consistent with Felix’s.
PhasedAnzickMatchWhat does this all mean?  I don’t know.  I was curious what would happen if I ran my dad’s kit alone compared to Anzick-1 and this is what I saw.
DADandAnzick  He has matching segments at chromosomes 1,4,6, and 8 which is awesome but then where did our phased matches on chromosomes 3 and 20 come from?  Does it discount the validity of our matches?  (Oh my goodness, haha duh! I just remembered to get a match with my phased kit I had to drop the threshold to 500/5 so that’s how chromosomes 3 and 20 come up. My dad’s kit matches with the standard 700/7 threshold. I re-ran his data again with 500/5 and sure enough there are chromosomes 3 & 20). I am far from an expert, but the comparison of our matches raise some red flags for me.  Also note the time to MRCA, 4.4 generations?  That’s crazy.
I very much want to believe we have shared ancestry and in a way I do, but I’m not sure what to make of the data.
Thanks to Armando for chatting with me about this subject.
Drama, Genealogy, Immigration, Rant

My life was a lie.

Just kidding, it wasn’t that dramatic.  My dad’s parents are Joe Conde and Amelia Juarez Rangel, although I didn’t really think about that until recently.  I wasn’t very close to these grandparents because, when I was born to teenage parents who did the best they could (a damn good job if you ask me), these grandparents didn’t feel old enough to be grandma and grandpa.  Amelia also tried to convince my dad I wasn’t his daughter.  I thought of her when my dad’s DNA results came in and did a little jig, even though we never doubted I am my father’s daughter.

My last name was Rangel, as was my dad’s, so I always assumed that was my grandfather’s last name.  Later I noticed some of my aunts and uncles were Conde.  As I got into genealogy I neglected my dad’s side because I feel very distant from them.  As time went on, I questioned my dad’s (and his dad’s) last name.  First off, it’s weird that my father has his mom’s maiden name but I had him join the Rangel Project at Family Tree DNA just in case.  I couldn’t find a Conde project.  In any case my father’s Y-DNA at 12 markers has no matches.  None!

My dad asked an older brother about all of this, and my uncle admitted to having asked my grandfather because he also had his suspicions.  My uncle said that my grandfather admitted his last name was false and told him his real last name which my uncle did not remember although he said “it sounded very indigenous.”

My paternal grandparents, Joe Conde and Amelia Juarez Rangel.  Some of their children were named Rangel, like my dad, and others Conde.
My paternal grandparents, Joe Conde and Amelia Juarez Rangel. Some of their children were named Rangel, like my dad, and others Conde.
Dad's mom, 5th down. Here is a record of Amelia Juarez Rangel's birth on October 17, 1941 to Maria Rangel and Benito Juarez.
Dad’s mom, 5th down. Here is a record of Amelia Juarez Rangel’s birth on October 17, 1941 to Maria Rangel and Benito Juarez.
1940 census
In 1940 we see Amelia Juarez Rangel’s parents, Maria Rangel and Benito Juarez living with Benito’s family. Benito’s father Miguel is the farmer and his sons are farm laborers, suggesting that Miguel Juarez owned the land. Interestingly, living with them are some Conde relatives. I think this is how my grandfather Joe Conde took his last name.
1930 census
In 1930 we see a very young Maria Rangel living with her family. This seeks to explain the different last names used by my father’s family: Conde, Juarez, and Rangel

AJR tombstone


Dr. McDonald Analyzes Dad’s Data



Most likely fit is 73.3% (+- 0.4%) America (all Native (Central) American)

and 5.9% (+- 0.9%) Africa (various subcontinents)

and 17.4% (+- 0.7%) Europe (various subcontinents)

and 3.3% (+- 0.3%) E. Asia (various subcontinents)

The following are possible population sets and their fractions, most likely at the top

Maya= 0.728 Maasai= 0.058 French= 0.180 Chukchi= 0.035 or

Maya= 0.736 Maasai= 0.056 French= 0.177 Yakut= 0.031 or

Maya= 0.728 O-Ethiop= 0.070 French= 0.167 Chukchi= 0.035 or

Maya= 0.737 O-Ethiop= 0.068 French= 0.165 Yakut= 0.030 or

Maya= 0.735 Maasai= 0.057 French= 0.170 Altai= 0.039 or

Maya= 0.736 Maasai= 0.057 French= 0.176 Buryat= 0.032 or

Maya= 0.736 Maasai= 0.056 Romania= 0.182 Yakut= 0.027 or

Maya= 0.738 Mandenka= 0.042 Spain= 0.188 Yakut= 0.033 or

Maya= 0.736 Maasai= 0.057 French= 0.173 MongolaC= 0.035 or

Maya= 0.727 O-Ethiop= 0.074 English= 0.164 Chukchi= 0.036

or, better, a custom fit as

English 0.1492 Moroccan 0.0985 Columbian 0.0456 Maya 0.5841 Pima 0.1226 or

French 0.1490 Moroccan 0.0978 Columbian 0.0482 Maya 0.5822 Pima 0.1228 or

Spain 0.1506 Moroccan 0.0942 Columbian 0.0475 Maya 0.5849 Pima 0.1227

The Native American in this is generic Central-North American/Caribbean, clearly not

the more common (in people I see) plain Mayan from Guatemala/Mexico. Also,

Spain really is a third choice to more northerly Western European.

Genealogy, Immigration

Dad’s Autosomal Results

Dad's Ancestry Composition by 23andMe
Dad’s Ancestry Composition by 23andMe
His admixture proportions using HarappaWorld at
His admixture proportions using HarappaWorld at

I used Oracle-4  to get his top populations (option 1 and 2 gave me the same results):

Admixture Proportions (with link to Oracle)

Oracle-4 Using 4 populations approximation:
1 maya + pima + pima + puerto-rican @ 3.144
2 pima + pima + pima + puerto-rican @ 3.245
3 pima + pima + pima + puerto-rican @ 3.298
4 bolivian + pima + pima + puerto-rican @ 3.317
5 pima + pima + puerto-rican + totonac @ 3.340
6 maya + pima + puerto-rican + totonac @ 3.377
7 pima + pima + puerto-rican + totonac @ 3.468
8 pima + puerto-rican + totonac + totonac @ 3.490
9 mexican + peruvian + pima + pima @ 3.503
10 maya + maya + maya + mexican @ 3.544
11 maya + pima + pima + puerto-rican @ 3.567
12 bolivian + pima + puerto-rican + totonac @ 3.573
13 maya + maya + mexican + pima @ 3.635
14 maya + puerto-rican + totonac + totonac @ 3.651
15 pima + puerto-rican + totonac + totonac @ 3.685
16 puerto-rican + totonac + totonac + totonac @ 3.690
17 mexican + peruvian + pima + totonac @ 3.709
18 maya + maya + mexican + totonac @ 3.783
19 maya + pima + puerto-rican + totonac @ 3.842
20 ecuadorian + ecuadorian + pima + pima @ 3.851