Ancient DNA, Genealogy, Uncategorized

mtDNA V7 in Dr. Knipper’s “Female Exogamy and Gene Pool Diversification”

The full title of the article is Female exogamy and gene pool diversification at the transition from the Final Neolithic to the Early Bronze Age in central Europe published 19 September 2017.

One day I was looking at my grandmother’s submission to mitochondrial haplogroup V7 on PhyloTree.org and noticed three “Germany-ancient” samples credited to Dr. Knipper; that’s how I found her article.

Dolores Romero mtdna phylotree
Maternal grandmother Dolores Romero’s mitochondrial DNA sample highlighted in orange.

It is interesting because she and her research team extracted isotope ratio data to determine whether the individuals were local or non-local to the site, in addition to genomic data from the samples found.

The three V7 individuals are from the Königsbrunn, Obere Kreuzstraße (OBKR) site.

F1.largeKnipper
From Knipper et. al 2017 “Female Exogamy and Gene Pool Diversification”. the three V7 individuals were found at the Konigsbrunn-OBKR site in Bavaria, Germany.

I’m not exactly sure of the ages of the samples, but they were labeled Early Bronze Age by the research group.  I wondered if Dr. Knipper and her group considered the V7 samples local or not, so I emailed her to ask.  She is really nice and helpful by the way!  I was nervous because I’m not very familiar with anthropological terminology and was concerned about asking something that might be very obviously stated in the article for those who are familiar with the terminology.

We exchanged a few emails and she gave me permission to paraphrase her answer:

Based on strontium and oxygen isotope ratios found in their teeth, the V7 individuals are considered local by the research group, and were found in the Lech River Valley, Bavaria, Germany. Dr. Knipper did, however, say we can’t be 100% sure they are local because there is a possibility the isotope ratios happen to appear local by chance since the ratio is not exclusive to this area.

Additional note: There was an older paper with a different V7 individual found related to the Novosvobodnaya Culture.  I remember the big splash that paper made when it was published.  Professionals, please weigh-in on the two findings and their implications on the geographical origin of haplogroup V7, please!

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Found! Children of William Hays and Catherine Lewis

As stated in previous posts, James Warr’s estate papers mention a Winifred Hays, orphaned daughter of William Hays, who we know to be the husband of Catherine Lewis. Through Catherine’s father Joshua Lewis’ estate papers, we also know that Catherine Lewis married William Hays and that both died and left behind many children.

James Warr Estate Petition by Willie and Winifred Hays
Winifred Hays, daughter of William Hays and Catherine Lewis mentioned in the estate of James Warr, husband of Millie Lewis, 1797, Northampton County, North Carolina. FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99CN-2421

Joshua Lewis Estate Records Catherine Lewis Hayes
Catherine Lewis’ father Joshua Lewis’ estate documents filed by Millie Lewis and her second husband James Warr in Northampton County, NC in 1788.  The document says that Catherine Lewis was married to William Hayes but that he had since passed and that the couple had five children. [FamilySearch]
Searching through the guardianship papers of Northampton County, North Carolina available on FamilySearch I have found documents granting guardianship of the following minor orphans to James Warr, second husband of Millie Mildred Lewis (after Daniel Drewry):

  • Fanny Hays
  • John Hays
  • Patty Hays
  • Samuel Hays
  • Sarah Hays (later married Henry Evans)
  • Winifred Hays
Fanny Hays Guardianship
Guardianship of Fanny Hays granted to James Warr, 2nd husband of Mildred “Millie” Lewis. FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GRP3-9MH7
John Hays Guardianship
Guardianship of John Hays, son of William Hays and Catherine Lewis granted to James Warr, husband of Millie Lewis March 1789. FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RP3-99PC
Patty Hays Guardianship
Guardianship of Patty Hays, daughter of William Hays and Catherine Lewis granted to James Warr, husband of Millie Lewis March 1789. FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RP3-99PC
Samuel Hays Guardianship
Guardianship of Samuel Hays, son of William Hays and Catherine Lewis granted to James Warr, husband of Millie Lewis March 1789. FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GRP3-9MH7

Sarah Hays Guardianship to James Warr
Guardianship of Sarah Hays, daughter of William Hays and Catherine Lewis granted to James Warr, husband of Millie Lewis March 1789. FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33SQ-GRP3-9MH7
Winifred Hays Guardianship
Guardianship of Winifred Hays, daughter of William Hays and Catherine Lewis granted to James Warr, husband of Millie Lewis March 1789. FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:33S7-9RP3-99PC
Genealogy

James Warr and Millie Lewis Granted Guardianship of Winifred Hays

Daughter of William Hays and Catherine Lewis, Millie’s sister.  Millie and Catherine were daughters of Joshua Lewis and Martha Marston. From my last post on this family, the previous documents suggest William Hays and Catherine Lewis died at or near the same time and left behind five or seven children.

Now we know William Hays had a “considerable personal estate” upon his death but died intestate.  The document states Winifred was entitled to one-seventh part of her father’s estate.  On a side note, I find it interesting Winifred Hays went on to marry a man named William Hays.

That’s all for now, have a Happy New Year!

James Warr Estate Petition by Willie and Winifred Hays
Winifred Hays, daughter of William Hays and Catherine Lewis mentioned in the estate of James Warr, husband of Millie Lewis, 1797, Northampton County, North Carolina. FamilySearch https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/3:1:3QS7-99CN-2421
Genealogy

The House They Lived In

The person who currently owns the house that Dionicio Ortega and his wife Sarah Jane Taylor lived in recently contacted me in hopes of learning new things about the house.  Unfortunately, I didn’t have any cool stories for them but was very happy they contacted me with new information.  They provided me with some of the paperwork that listed Sarah Jane Taylor and Dionicio Ortega as the deed owners of the house which I took as evidence their story was true.

They asked me not to share any of their identifying information which I agreed to withhold for their privacy (I am using the singular pronoun they/their to speak of this person).  This person was such a great storyteller that I’m going to share their words with you verbatim.

They started out with some interesting questions such as, “When I first moved here, an elderly man said that an Irish woman married a man from Tesuque Pueblo and moved into our house long ago. That sounds like it could have been Dionicio, and if so, he would have been Native American. Does any of that ring true? Do you have any idea what brought Sarah to the rough ’n tough New Mexico of the 19th century?”

I told them I didn’t know for sure, but on the 1860 census, she was five years old living with her father, her older full brother Isaiah, and her father’s second wife Geraldine Dennison in Missouri.  We know that Isaiah died in his childhood, up to that point they were the only living children from her father’s first marriage to Mary Ann Brummett, daughter of William Brummit and Sarah Evans.  On the 1870 census, she was about 15 years old living with her father and stepfamily in Cañon City, Colorado (as mentioned in the book History of Howard and Chariton Counties, Missouri).  Her stepmother Geraldine Denison died there in 1875.  My guess is she was coming of age in this radically different place and met Dionicio at some point as he was traveling.  Another cousin who rescues horses and mules has told me Dionicio was a muleteer on the Santa Fe Trail, but I haven’t verified it.  I do think they met in Colorado though.  On the 1880 census, she was living as Juana Ortega with Dionicio and their child Crisostimo in Cordoras, Taos, NM.  Almost all of the 1890 census was destroyed in a fire.  Sarah and Dionicio are in Santa Fe on the 1900 census.  Sarah Jane died in 1927, Dionicio died in 1936.  I think Sarah Jane Taylor learned early to roll with the punches and was rather adventurous.  It seemed she was a curious person and was eager to embrace new places and cultures; I like to think I inherited that from her.

The person who contacted me about the house was an out-of-towner who immediately liked it and was lucky to have noticed it during a price-drop.

“A little investigation and it turned out it was because this was a “haunted house”. Neighborhood children wouldn’t go near it, and throughout the 70’s and 80’s no one owned it for more than a year or two before selling, due to all the bizarre things happening there. It was common knowledge that these ghosts were mischievous and frisky.

That was a great stroke of luck for us because we didn’t believe in ghosts. We bought it and the neighbors would shake their heads and say “You won’t stay long – nobody does”.

So that was [many] years ago, and we never experienced anything the least bit unusual, nor have any of the many guests who have stayed here.

What is now the main living room area was the original one-room adobe house. We did an extensive renovation, and when the floorboards were pulled up temporarily to put a heating system under there, I did some digging. A couple of inches down I found a lime-coated floor, and that was probably what was there when Sarah Jane and Dionicio moved in. They may have later put in the wood planks that are still there because they are very old. Two inches beneath the lime floor was another floor made of animal blood mixed with dirt, which makes for a linoleum-like surface. Nobody knows how old this place really is.

Our guest room used to be a detached stable, and when it rained we could still smell the animals that your ancestors kept there. I carved a niche into one of the adobe walls and found a donkey’s jawbone embedded in it.

Although plumbing had been installed by the 1950’s, the original outhouse for the house was still standing in one corner of the property when we moved in. We had to remove it to build [further]. You can still see the remains of a well that was the main water source for the house all those years ago. But you would have to lift the brick pavers in our courtyard and dig down about a foot to find it.
I also found a horseshoe and some smaller animal bones in that wall. All of the old adobe walls are 2 feet thick, so who knows what else is in there?”

I forgot to mention that when I dug down and found those 2 layers of flooring, I kept digging. About 2 feet down I found pottery shards in typical black and white patterns for Native Americans in this area. So people have been living on this spot for a VERY long time.”

I asked about using their stories on this blog:

“Using this info on your blog is okay if there is some way to discourage people from googling around to find me and then show up at my door.” So I am not giving out the address or the name of the person who contacted me, just passing along the story.

I can’t express how grateful I am to have been able to receive these stories as it’s put a little more flesh on my ancestors’ bones.  I feel a little closer to knowing them and their personalities now.

Ortega House email

Genealogy

Catherine Lewis of Middlesex County, Virginia married to William Hayes

In my last post, I wrote about Barry Lee Marston’s very helpful book Marsten Book/Marston Plantation.  It turns out that Barry is a relative!

Triangulator extension Marston
Barry Lee Marston, his relative, and my grandmother share two segments above 7 cM on chromosome 4. This was calculated using Goran Runfeldt’s new Triangulator App.

About Goran’s app

Barry is so nice and very helpful; he put me in touch with Judie King who is also awesome and helpful.  I felt a little apprehensive since, as I mentioned in my email, I’ve heavily used their work to help me leaf-out this branch of the family tree once I established a tie to Millie Lewis’ family in Northampton County, North Carolina.  All props and respect to Barry Marston and Judie King!  Thank you!

I haven’t connected Catherine Lewis to Sally Hayes on paper quite yet, BUT thanks to Barry and Judie I have found confirmation that Catherine Lewis did marry and have children with William Hayes.  She pointed me to Catherine’s father Joshua Lewis’ estate documents filed by Millie Lewis and her second husband James Warr in Northampton County in 1788.  The document says that Catherine Lewis was married to William Hayes but that they had since passed together and that the couple had five (or seven? That looks like an “n” at the end) children.

Joshua Lewis Estate Records Catherine Lewis Hayes
Catherine Lewis’ father Joshua Lewis’ estate documents filed by Millie Lewis and her second husband James Warr in Northampton County, NC in 1788.  The document says that Catherine Lewis was married to William Hayes but that he had since passed and that the couple had five children. [FamilySearch]
From what I understand, Joshua Lewis died in 1759 in Southampton County, Virginia and that’s where his estate went to probate in 1760.  That makes me wonder if Catherine Lewis and William Hayes died in Southampton County as well.  How did Sally Hayes, if she is the daughter of Catherine Lewis and William Hayes, end up in Greensville County, VA in 1790 to marry Henry Evans?

Genealogy

Tentative mtDNA Connection to Martha Marston and Joshua Lewis of Virginia

We have two perfect mitochondrial DNA matches.  One connected my furthest known maternal line ancestor, Sarah Evans, to her parents Henry Evans and Sarah Hayes by way of her sister Nancy Evans of Northampton County, North Carolina (Nancy married Elijah Gumbs Boon).  I just need to figure out the parents of Sarah Hayes who was likely born in Virginia, particularly her mother.

The second connection is through Mildred “Millie” Lewis b. 1738 d. 1801, wife of Daniel Drewry/Drury, both of Virginia. Her parents were Joshua Lewis and Martha Marston.  Given the DNA evidence, I have a strong hunch these families are connected through the maternal line even though I don’t have quite enough of a paper trail yet to firmly connect them.  I just need to figure out a daughter who could have been the mother of Sarah Hayes.

Children of Joshua Lewis and Martha Marston (from Marston Book/Marston Plantation by Barry Lee Marston):

  • James Lewis, b. 05 Sep 1726; d. 1815
  • Anne Lewis, b. 08 Nov 1727; d. 1727
  • Edmund Lewis, b. 20 Jan 1728/29
  • Joanna Lewis, b. 1730; m. John Vaughn; d. 1797
  • CATHERINE LEWIS, b. 1732; m. WILLIAM HAYES; d. 1789
  • Sarah Lewis, b. 1734
  • Martha Lewis, b. 1736; d. 1788
  • Mildred Lewis, b. 1738; d. 1801 (married Daniel Drewry)

Marston Book

It is important to note Joshua Lewis and Martha Marston’s son James Lewis eventually ends up in Northampton NC with his family (from the Genealogy Web Page for Charles E. Lewis: Descendants of Lewis ap David of Cardiganshire, Wales):

Descendants of Lewis ap David of Cardiganshire, Wales

I would love to know more about Judie King of Texas and her letter #293!

WGT mtDNA Match
Our 2nd mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) match that links our maternal line to Mildred Lewis through her sister Catherine Lewis, and ultimately Martha Marston and her mysterious mother Ann, wife of John Marston.