I knew my Sarah Evans, who married William Brummet in Chariton County, Missouri 1827, was originally from North Carolina because of the 1850 Census (Livingston County, MO). Thanks to our first mtDNA match we learned Sarah Evans went to Missouri from Northampton County, North Carolina with her (very likely) elder sister Nancy Evans.
Nancy Evans married Elijah Gumbs Boon in 1814 before leaving Northampton County, NC. Their children were Mary Magdalene, Henry, Presley, Nicholas, Harriet, Mildred, Clifton, Nancy, Sarah, James, and Elizabeth Boon. Henry Evans was the bondsman.
The new mtDNA match descended from Polly Drury, mother of Martha, Drewry, Newitt, and Mildred Harris of Northampton County, North Carolina. John Harris is the father of the children, he names them in his will. Additionally, John Harris (son-in-law) and Darling Drury (son) are named executors of Milly Warr’s will in 1801 (Mildred Lewis of Isle of Wight County, Virgina, wife of Daniel Drury then wife of James Warr).
North Carolina, Wills and Probate Records, 1665-1998 from Ancestry: Wills; Author: North Carolina. County Court of Pleas and Quarter Sessions (Northampton County); Probate Place: Northampton, North Carolina
So now we know Polly Drury had a brother named Darling Drury, their mother was Mildred Lewis of Isle of Wight County, Virginia.
Bills of Sale: During probate, it may have been necessary to sell parts of the estate in order to pay creditors, to provide support for the widow and minor children, or to distribute the property of an estate. This was done by public auction. The final bills of sale from these auctions were filed with the court. Bills of sale listed the names of individuals who purchased items at the auction. These individuals are often relatives, friends, and neighbors of the deceased person.
My Missouri First Families certificate for Sarah Evans and William Brummet from the Missouri State Genealogical Association came in today! As I’ve mentioned before, Sarah Evans had a sister, Nancy Evans, who married Elijah Gumbs Boon. Their descendants would be eligible for the same certificate if any cousins are interested in pursuing it. Also, obligatory link to the Mothers of Missouri DNA Project (MoM).
I’m writing this mostly to make sense of it, sorry if it jumps around a lot. I met with a genealogist recently at my local Family History Library and she gave me some really good suggestions about researching Henry Evans.
On this record, he was between the ages of 26 and 44, which would mean he was probably born between the years 1766 and 1784. He had a wife, 2 boys, and 3 girls at the time. If this is the right Henry, Nancy was probably the girl between 10-15 years old which would make sense if she married Elijah Gumbs Boon in 1815. My Sarah may have been one of the girls under 10 as we think she was born around 1809.
I searched Ancestry with this new information and saw a Henry Evans in the Quaker Meeting Records, 1681-1935. Of course, I got way too excited for someone who knows better. Would a Quaker have participated in the War of 1812? I didn’t think so. So I was surprised when I Googled “Henry Evans Northampton County NC Quakers” and the first document to come up included the line,
“In First Month, 1886, there is a recorded minute to the effect that William Copeland, Thomas B. Elliott, and Henry Evans were not disowned for volunteering their services in the army.”
Wow! A couple of prior paragraphs talk about the War of 1812 so I felt like the genealogy angels were my tech support at the moment. Though, when I read the year 1886 I was a little bummed because if he was born even at the latter end of the 1766-1784 spectrum he would have been 102 years old, and therefore, probably not the guy I was looking for. I checked the Ancestry records and found the record mentioned in the pdf for the year 1866, not 1886. If he were born at the latter end of the 1766-1784 spectrum he’d be about 82 which is more probable than 102.
One of the Quaker Meeting Notes from 1843 lists his wife as Mary, and “six of their children, namely James, Sarah J[?], Martha A, Celia E, Christian, and Henry”. I might be reading too much into “six of their children” but at this time Sarah and Nancy would have been in Missouri. If he were born in the latter end of the 1766-1784 spectrum he’d have been about 59 years old. He can be 59 and still have 6 kids, right? Especially if he remarried?
Henry Evans with his wife Mary and 3 of his children: James, 21 (born about 1829), Martha, 16 (born about 1834), and Celia, 14 (born about 1836) are on the 1850 census in Northampton County, NC. These children were born well after the Henry Evans family on the 1810 census. Still, it is possible that this could be the same Henry but with a different wife. I assume a different wife because she was between ages 26-44 years old on the 1810 census, so if she was the youngest possible, 26, she would have been born around 1784 making her about 52 when the youngest child, Celia, was born in 1836. Celia would have been born about 9 years after my Sarah Evans married William Brummet.
According to the 1850 census, he was about 62 years old, born in 1788. That would have made him 22 on the 1810 census, where he is clearly marked as being between the ages of 26-44 years old. The general rule is to stick with the information from the earliest census, so it is possible he was the youngest age available, 26, at the time making the age given in the 1850 census younger by 4 years. Not impossible. Also, we have Nancy Evans born around 1796. If we add back the 4 years taken from the 1850 census, Henry Evans would have been born around 1784, making him 29 during his service in the War of 1812, 12 years old when Nancy was born (Although I find this date suspicious because her husband Elijah was born 12 Dec 1796 and Nancy is said to have been born 12 Oct 1796, what are the chances they were both born on the 12th day of the month, same year?), and 26 on the 1810 census. There was a female 10-15 years of age on the 1810 census, if it were Nancy she would have been born 1795-1800, so I guess year-wise that is close to what we know about her. The 1810 census pretty much says if Henry Evans had a child born around 1800, he could have been anywhere between 16 to 34 years of age (He could have been born 1766-1784 according to his age bracket).
So how can I tell if the 1810 Census Henry Evans is also the 1850 census Henry Evans? I went back to the 1866 record of the three men who were allowed to retain their Friends (Quaker) membership despite their participation in the War of 1812. The three men named were William Copeland, Thomas B. Elliot, and Henry Evans. Were they in the census for Northampton County back in 1810? That would make it more likely that they were friends in addition to being Friends (punny!). I found William Copeland on page 7 of 44, but no Thomas. There was an Elliot household, though, run by Sarah Elliot.
Another name from the first Quaker record in which I found Henry Evans, in 1843, mentions a Josiah Outland. Truthfully, the name Outland stood out to me because of the Outlander book series. And Josiah isn’t a common name anymore so I went to see if I could find him on the 1810 census, he was there he is on page 29 of the Northampton census.
So, what do you think? Is this the same Henry Evans?
There wasn’t any extra information, why does this always happen to me? It reads:
“We, the undersigned, do hereby acknowledge ourselves indebted to his Excellency, Wm Hawkins Esquire, Governer, &c. and his successors office, in the sum of five hundred pounds. But to be void on condition that there is no lawful cause obstruct a marriage between Elijah Gumbs and Nancy Evans for whom a liceace [?] no issues.
Witness, our hands and seals, this 17th day of Feb A.D. 1814
In presence of Tom Hughes Henry -x- Evans his mark”
In my last post, I told you about FamilySearch’s microfiche containing a record of Nancy Evans’ marriage to Elijah Gumbs Boon. In it, two individuals were listed who I thought might help me in my search for the parents of Nancy Evans: witness Tom Hughes and bondsman Henry Evans.
Several online trees list William Evans and Sarah Hayes as the parents of Nancy Evans, but I have not found a conclusive link yet. One of the online genealogies I started with was another WordPress blog called Native American Roots that mentions William Evans and Sarah Hayes, and that William was the son of Major Evans (1733-1814), son of Charles Evans (1696-1760), son of Morris Evans the elder (1665-1739). A helpful person in the Evans DNA Project at Family Tree DNA pointed me to Deloris William’s well-known Evans of North Carolina genealogy page, which has an extensive section concerning Morris the elder.
However, I couldn’t reconcile this family being from the Orange/Granville/Wake counties area while William and Sarah were living in Northampton County.
There just doesn’t seem to be an obvious connection. So I searched for Henry Evans on Deloris’ page to see if maybe he was the connection other Nancy Evans/Elijah Gumbs Boon researchers were finding. I did find a Henry Evans:
It lists Henry Evans as the bondsman and Tom Hughes as the witness. This is what The Legal Genealogist had to say about marriage bonds and bondsmen:
“When folks married without banns, however, particularly when they married some distance away from where they were known, there wasn’t the same opportunity in advance to have folks “speak up or forever hold their peace.” The bond then stepped into the breach.
What that bond actually was, then, was a form of guarantee that there wasn’t any legal bar to the marriage. Enforcing the guarantee was a pledge by the groom and a bondsman — usually a relative — to pay a sum of money, usually to the Governor of the State (or colony if earlier, or to the Crown if in Canada6), if and only if it actually turned out that there was some reason the marriage wasn’t legal.”
He’s not even my direct ancestor, poor guy. The microfilm that contains the record of his marriage to Nancy Evans is at my local Family History Library, but I have a weird schedule, and they have a weird schedule so maybe I’ll see it this weekend.
Online researchers say Elijah Gumbs Boon was the son of Nicholas Boon citing Nicholas Boon’s will made “on account of Elijah Gumbs [alias?] Boon” by Joyner Boon and Thomas Boon in 1807, Northampton County, North Carolina.
There seems to be some inconsistency as he is said to have been married to Jane Waggoner in Kentucky in 1809 and Nancy Evans in 1814, Northampton County NC. In my previous post I found a book mentioning Elijah Boon’s daughter Mary Magdalene (b. November 13, 1814 here in the book and here on Find A Grave) with conflicting information. Both variations are reflected in numerous genealogies online. There seems to be two Elijah Boons, one born in Lincoln County, Kentucky and one born in Northampton County, North Carolina. This is going to be a fun weekend.