He has 2 perfect, distance 0 mtDNA matches among 14, one is Mr. Raymundo Linares. I wouldn’t usually share a match’s name, but in this case, he already has a deep mitochondrial genealogy out there published by Crispin Rendon. Mr. Linares’ furthest maternal ancestor was a woman named Josefa Gonzalez born about 1620 in Huichapan, Hidalgo, Mexico. My grandfather is likely not a descendant of Josefa herself because her children were born in Nuevo Leon, but Hidalgo borders Tlaxcala and that might is a clue to focus on the Hidalgo/Tlaxcala area outside of Mexico City. A huge THANK YOU! to all those who do this very neglected DNA test, especially for full sequence results.
There wasn’t any extra information, why does this always happen to me? It reads:
“We, the undersigned, do hereby acknowledge ourselves indebted to his Excellency, Wm Hawkins Esquire, Governer, &c. and his successors office, in the sum of five hundred pounds. But to be void on condition that there is no lawful cause obstruct a marriage between Elijah Gumbs and Nancy Evans for whom a liceace [?] no issues.
Witness, our hands and seals, this 17th day of Feb A.D. 1814
In presence of Tom Hughes Henry -x- Evans his mark”
In my last post, I told you about FamilySearch’s microfiche containing a record of Nancy Evans’ marriage to Elijah Gumbs Boon. In it, two individuals were listed who I thought might help me in my search for the parents of Nancy Evans: witness Tom Hughes and bondsman Henry Evans.
Several online trees list William Evans and Sarah Hayes as the parents of Nancy Evans, but I have not found a conclusive link yet. One of the online genealogies I started with was another WordPress blog called Native American Roots that mentions William Evans and Sarah Hayes, and that William was the son of Major Evans (1733-1814), son of Charles Evans (1696-1760), son of Morris Evans the elder (1665-1739). A helpful person in the Evans DNA Project at Family Tree DNA pointed me to Deloris William’s well-known Evans of North Carolina genealogy page, which has an extensive section concerning Morris the elder.
However, I couldn’t reconcile this family being from the Orange/Granville/Wake counties area while William and Sarah were living in Northampton County.
There just doesn’t seem to be an obvious connection. So I searched for Henry Evans on Deloris’ page to see if maybe he was the connection other Nancy Evans/Elijah Gumbs Boon researchers were finding. I did find a Henry Evans:
It lists Henry Evans as the bondsman and Tom Hughes as the witness. This is what The Legal Genealogist had to say about marriage bonds and bondsmen:
“When folks married without banns, however, particularly when they married some distance away from where they were known, there wasn’t the same opportunity in advance to have folks “speak up or forever hold their peace.” The bond then stepped into the breach.
What that bond actually was, then, was a form of guarantee that there wasn’t any legal bar to the marriage. Enforcing the guarantee was a pledge by the groom and a bondsman — usually a relative — to pay a sum of money, usually to the Governor of the State (or colony if earlier, or to the Crown if in Canada6), if and only if it actually turned out that there was some reason the marriage wasn’t legal.”
He’s not even my direct ancestor, poor guy. The microfilm that contains the record of his marriage to Nancy Evans is at my local Family History Library, but I have a weird schedule, and they have a weird schedule so maybe I’ll see it this weekend.
Online researchers say Elijah Gumbs Boon was the son of Nicholas Boon citing Nicholas Boon’s will made “on account of Elijah Gumbs [alias?] Boon” by Joyner Boon and Thomas Boon in 1807, Northampton County, North Carolina.
There seems to be some inconsistency as he is said to have been married to Jane Waggoner in Kentucky in 1809 and Nancy Evans in 1814, Northampton County NC. In my previous post I found a book mentioning Elijah Boon’s daughter Mary Magdalene (b. November 13, 1814 here in the book and here on Find A Grave) with conflicting information. Both variations are reflected in numerous genealogies online. There seems to be two Elijah Boons, one born in Lincoln County, Kentucky and one born in Northampton County, North Carolina. This is going to be a fun weekend.
In my last post, I described our recent mitochondrial DNA breakthrough and described some of the information I’ve found online, including the book History of Caldwell and Livingston Counties, Missouri 1886 in which Harriet (Boon) Bills speaks of her parents, Nancy Evans and Elijah Gumbs Boon of Northampton County, NC. There is no mention of Nancy’s or Elijah’s parents.
I ordered Nancy and Elijah’s record of marriage on October 29 hoping it might shed some light on their parents, but while I’m waiting, I’ve looked around online. Many online genealogies conclude that Nancy’s parents were William Evans and Sarah Hayes of Wake County, North Carolina although I haven’t seen the exact evidence that ties them all together. I feel like I can’t establish that Nancy and Elijah are in Northampton County until I see the microfilm myself. The book I mentioned earlier says that Elijah Gumbs Boon was born in Northampton County. Nancy’s parents were supposed to be from Wake County, North Carolina. I’m not putting them together just yet. Is there some sort of land record I don’t know about? A sale of land in Wake County? A purchase of land in Northampton County? Are they close to each other? What are the histories of these two counties?
A quick Wikipedia search says Northampton County, NC was formed in 1741 from Bertie County, so it was definitely a county when Elijah Gumbs Boon was born in 1796 and when he married Nancy Evans in 1814. Wikipedia also says Wake County was formed later, in 1771 from Cumberland, Johnston, and Orange Counties. I don’t have any evidence yet that the majority of these researchers are wrong, but something doesn’t feel right. It seems like a large jump from Wake County where William Evans died in 1823 and Northampton County where his alleged daughter married Elijah Gumbs Boon in 1814. Plus, I’ve only seen the children of William Evans and Sarah Hayes of Wake County NC as 3 sons, Henderson, Daniel, and Enoch.
The counties also don’t border each other as you can see at this website, which corroborates the Wikipedia entries for the most part. Yes, I could be wrong but something doesn’t add up for me yet. I hope the microfilm from Family Search comes soon and can help me figure this out.
We finally received a mitochondrial DNA match on October 20th. This person’s HVR1 and HVR2 results rolled in first, then the next day I was notified that it was a full sequence match! Here’s a good explanation from Roberta Estes of DNA Explained on why this kind of match is significant: “Locations are extremely important when tracking mitochondrial DNA because if you match someone who is in the same area as your ancestor, then you’re close to finding your common ancestor. The records that may well prove the connection may be located in that geography as well. Some people are lucky enough to connect to a surname. Since they change every generation, the surname will likely be buried in the information of the other individual. You should ask them for their info as well, along with the areas where their ancestor lived. Don’t neglect sisters and who they married. Your ancestor’s sister may hold the key to your ancestry as well. I generally take my matches’ ancestor’s names and compare them to names in my Gedcom file to see what I find. It’s amazing how often I find something close geographically or sometimes I find their ancestor already listed as a sibling or niece or cousin of one of my ancestors. That’s powerful information.”
UPDATE at the bottom, full match confirmed! Nancy Boon/Nancy Evans and Sarah Brummett/Sarah Evans were sisters!
A cursory Google search for Elijah Boon and Nancy Evans, Missouri turns up this link, a short biography about Mrs. Harriet Bills (Harriet Boone) from the book, The History of Caldwell and Livingston Counties, Missouri, 1886 mentions her parents “being Elijah and Nancy Boone, nee Evans. They were also both natives of North Carolina. The father was born in Northampton county, December 12, 1796, and by occupation was a farmer. He continued to live in the State of his birth until removing to Livingston county, Mo., in 1834. The mother was born October 12, 1796.” A few pages before, it mentions William Wm. Brummett and Elijah Boon both living in Township 59, Ranges 24 and 25, respectively. Our Sarah Evans and her husband William Brummett eventually end up in Livingston County. This is where their daughter Mary Ann marries James Taylor.
This excerpt from the book History of Chariton and Howard Counties, Missouri page 459 notes Elijah Boone was one of the “old settlers” of Chariton County along with a Brummett. This would put Elijah and Nancy Boon (Evans), and the Brummett Family in Chariton County prior to 1830. Remember, Sarah Evans and William Brummett married in 1827 in Chariton County, Missouri.
Family Tree DNA’s help desk got back to me Monday, October 24 via Facebook to confirm that this is a full mitochondrial sequence match! Sarah Evans and Nancy Evans are sisters! When our display glitch is fixed I will add the mtDNA match picture here. My mother also matches an AncestryDNA kit administered by user RossEddy1, both are descendants of Elijah Gumbs Boon and Nancy Evans.